The environmental impact of producing a loaf of bread

first_imgThe agriculture section is the one which emits essentially the most gases from all of the manufacturingThe phases of manufacturing a loaf of bread had been analyzed one after the other Liam Goucher, in cost of the research, factors out that “the fascinating factor is that 40% of that 66 is attributable solely to the use of ammonium nitrate fertilizers,” a enormous quantity, as said within the evaluation with which it seeks to cut back the impact surroundings within the manufacturing of bread. As well as, it emphasizes that half of these fertilizers find yourself in rivers or streams by way of leaks that develop air pollution. These chemical compounds expel dangerous gases from their manufacturing and are utilized by farmers in portions above these obligatory.Thus and to cut back the impact on the surroundings of bread manufacturing, specialists are dedicated to controlling fertilizers throughout cultivation, utilizing solely truthful quantities and at occasions of the yr which might be actually obligatory; the nitrogen that crops don’t use returns to the environment as nitrous oxide, a robust greenhouse gasoline, they level out. This concept is contributed by Navin Ramankutty, professor on the Institute of Assets, Atmosphere and Sustainability of the College of British Columbia (Vancouver), who’s dedicated to discovering a option to apply this research to the manufacturing of meals that’s most consumed and create a market of “sensible” merchandise and shoppers for the surroundings.One other doable utility of the research of researchers who’ve dissected the bread manufacturing course of to manage how a lot it contaminates every step till having a bar could be to assist cut back the dangerous results of it, from farmer consciousness to shoppers, who’re attempting to coach on sustainable consumption to cut back the environmental footprint. James Galloway, an skilled in nitrogen cycles on the College of Virginia, believes that this research will be the gateway to that consciousness utilized to different meals consumed above advisable, equivalent to proteins.The concepts left after the publication of the research are near the perfect of ecological markets that favor the acquisition of merchandise known as natural and organic and that, though they are often discovered extra simply, they haven’t but made a large gap in society as a result of of the excessive value for pockets. Picture: Pixabaycenter_img Making bread additionally impacts the surroundings. The manufacturing course of of one of essentially the most fundamental meals pours contaminants that find yourself favoring local weather change. From the sowing of the cereal till the packaging, the manufacture of a loaf of bread has been analyzed to confirm the injury that supposes.Nature Crops He has printed the research carried out by researchers from the College of Sheffield, United Kingdom, during which they level to the stage of agriculture because the one which emits essentially the most gases from all manufacturing.The phases of manufacture of a loaf of bread had been analyzed one after the other however it’s the first, from the therapy of the land for the sowing of the cereal that would be the base of essentially the most dangerous bread. That’s the time when fertilizers are used, probably polluting. Additionally the equipment used within the sowing and through the harvesting or the required one to grind the grain improve the impact within the first section; 66% of the emissions from all the course of happen presently, in keeping with the researchers.last_img read more

Highway 52 closed south of Arras

first_imgHighway 52 between Tumbler Ridge and Arras after a washout.- Advertisement -At this time, the highway is closed 26km south of Arras and there is no estimate for when the road will re-open.There is a detour using highway 29 through Chetwynd.For more updates, watch this page, or visit View Highway 52 Closed in a larger maplast_img

MLK student movie touches many

first_imgVALENCIA – Flashing dramatic black-and-white images of the highs and lows of the Civil Rights Movement, one middle school teacher and his band of tween-age broadcast journalists have produced a touching black-history film that is touring high schools with its message of tolerance. Von Hougo, a physical science teacher at Arroyo Seco Junior High, had always had an interest in television. A former sports broadcaster, Hougo jumped at the chance to run a junior newscast when the middle school decided to build a television studio. “I have always been a real hands-on kind of teacher,” Hougo said. “They really do all the work, I just supervise them.” To take the class further, Hougo decided he would also have the kids do feature stories periodically. After producing a successful Veterans Day film, and seeing the enthusiasm it brought his kids, Hougo approached the kids with the idea of doing a film during February – Black History Month – as a way to supplement lesson plans that often are misunderstood by youngsters, and adults alike. “I thought let’s do something for King’s birthday,” Hougo said of slain civil-rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. “I think it’s a holiday that is not given its due partly because people are not comfortable talking about race.” A few brainstorming sessions later, Hougo and the seventh- and eighth-graders came up with their idea. The film, “Freedom Dreams: A Tribute to Martin Luther King Jr.,” would be a 20-minute newscast, set in the 1950s and done in black and white using archival footage of the Civil Rights Movement. The junior journalists dressed in period clothing, as if they had actually been there. “They had heard a little bit about all of this,” Hougo said. “But I think it really hit home when they saw the brutal images of people getting beaten, and dogs attacking them for protesting and that it was only 50 years ago.” Thirteen-year-old Allison Thomson, who worked on writing scripts and some filming for the short film, admitted being startled with the finished project. “I really noticed how brutal and violent they were to black people and they weren’t doing anything wrong,” Thomson said. “It’s so crazy to see that knowing that now; I have friends from all different races. I can’t believe people couldn’t just get along.” For 12-year-old Kaylah Jackson the film was especially touching. As a young African-American in the 1950s, Jackson, who usually anchors for the campus newscast, wouldn’t have been allowed on-air. Jackson admitted it was hard to accept not being on-camera for this special project, but once the project was done she understood. “I wouldn’t have been allowed to be on television during that time,” Jackson said. Well informed about black history, Jackson says most of what she has learned about her heritage has come from home and she was glad to be a part of a project that left many of her classmates educated about an important piece of history, and speechless at the sight of the injustice. “Many of my friends asked me if it was uncomfortable to watch my people being treated that way but I am also so grateful that has changed. I don’t see myself different from anyone now.” The word has spread about this short film. It has already been screened during Hart High School’s Black History Month film festival, and Greg Lee, diversity coordinator for the William S. Hart Union High School District, sees this film as the little film that could. “We are not done with this film,” Lee said. “We are going to make sure it gets into the hands of others.” Lee was impressed with the maturity of the final product. “For many students, Martin Luther King (Jr.) has become a series of almost clich sound bites,” he said. “These students were really able to shed light on an often sanitized, icon character, with graphic images of people being dragged over store counters because they were asking for service. This was like discovering a jewel.” Hougo is glad the film has touched many, but mostly that it got through to his kids, who worked for more than two weeks putting together the project. As impressive as this reality-based piece was, Hougo thinks it will be a while before he brings such heavy topics to his kids again. “I think we’ll stick to fiction for a while,” he said. “But we’ll do something like this again.” (661) 257-5254160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more


first_imgThe Mary from Dungloe will run from the 27th July to the 4th August this year, organisers announced tonight.“The events will be under the new director Thomas Costello from Arranmore island,” said a spokeswoman.“Plans are underway and the main act will be announced in the coming weeks.” Last year’s Mary was Philadelphia’s Meghan Davis, 26, was crowned at a glittering ceremony at the end of the 2012 festival. DATES RELEASED FOR MARY FROM DUNGLOE FESTIVAL 2013 was last modified: January 28th, 2013 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:DATES RELEASED FOR MARY FROM DUNGLOE FESTIVAL 2013last_img read more

Quake aid workers race against looming winter

first_img Another Britain-based group, ActionAid International in Pakistan, said its workers tried to reach remote mountainous areas, but had to get out of their truck and walk in one area because of bad roads and traffic jams. “The problem is that people are facing a shortage of time,” said Shafqat Munir, a spokesman for the group. “It’s cold, raining. People are without shelter. They have food, clothes, blankets, but tents are a problem.” Flights bringing in new supplies landed at an airfield outside Islamabad through the night, including a NATO jet that brought in eight tons of blankets, tents and sleeping bags from Slovenia. The 5.6-magnitude aftershock early Thursday was centered 85 miles north of Islamabad, near the epicenter of Saturday’s 7.6-magnitude quake that demolished whole towns, mostly in Kashmir and northwestern Pakistan. The aftershock shook buildings, but there was no significant damage in the already demolished region. “People were scared. Even those who were sleeping in tents came out. Everybody was crying,” said Nisar Abbasi, 36, an accountant camping on the lawn of his destroyed home in Muzaffarabad, capital of Pakistan-controlled Kashmir. A 22-year-old woman detected by a sniffer dog in the rubble in Muzaffarabad died after the aftershock forced rescue teams to suspend their efforts, rescuers and witnesses said. When they returned after daybreak, the sniffer dog whined, indicating it detected the smell of a corpse. Some rescue workers wept. “It was a very difficult decision to leave a living person and I had a responsibility to my team. It could have meant their death,” said Steff Hopkins, a British team leader. A milder aftershock hit the same area Thursday night, with no immediate reports of damage, according to Pakistan’s state-run seismological center in the northwestern city of Peshawar. There have been dozens of aftershocks since the main quake. Experts said they could go on for months. In Muzaffarabad, relief workers wrapped 35 bodies in shrouds and carried out a mass burial Thursday. The burial was coordinated by Jamat-e-Dawad, a group linked to Islamic militants that is operating dozens of ambulances in the city and running a camp for quake victims. Earlier this week, the U.N. launched an international appeal for $272 million for six months of emergency aid to Pakistan. Yvette Stevens, a U.N. relief coordinator in Geneva, said about $165 million of aid had been pledged as of Thursday. Some 30 nations have contributed relief supplies and manpower. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! MUZAFFARABAD, Pakistan – With snow falling in parts of Kashmir, harried relief workers tried to reach remote areas on foot Thursday as the U.N.’s emergency relief chief warned time was running out for many survivors of South Asia’s massive earthquake. U.N. Undersecretary General and Emergency Relief Coordinator Jan Egeland flew by helicopter to the Kashmiri city of Muzaffarabad, where he said millions of people urgently needed food, medicine, shelter and blankets. The U.N. estimates 2 million people are homeless ahead of the Himalayan region’s fierce winter. “I fear we are losing the race against the clock in the small villages” cut off by blocked roads, Egeland said. “I’ve never seen such devastation before. We are in the sixth day of operation, and every day the scale of devastation is getting wider.” The plea came after a 5.6-magnitude aftershock jolted parts of Pakistan early Thursday, forcing a rescue team to suspend efforts to save a trapped woman. She died before the rescuers returned to the precarious rubble. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWalnut’s Malik Khouzam voted Southern California Boys Athlete of the Week The quake death toll was more than 35,000, and tens of thousands were injured. India has reported more than 1,350 deaths in the part of disputed Kashmir that it controls. Carrying water, juice and milk, a relief team from Britain-based Plan International flew in a helicopter to villages in northern Mansehra district in North West Frontier Province and found death and misery. “The whole valley is smelling awfully,” said Dr. Irfan Ahmed, the aid group’s health adviser. “People were hungry and panicking.” “Conditions are going from bad to worse. These people don’t have any shelter. Also the school has collapsed, and the children were in those classrooms,” he said. Ahmed said one elderly survivor was evacuated with a semiconscious 3-year-old boy who was barely moving, his skin cold and clammy. last_img read more


first_imgBishop Philip Boyce launched the ‘Raphoe Faith Gathering’ on Monday night in the Pastoral Centre as ‘An opportunity to come together, to celebrate, explore, experience, find and share.’By Caoimhe Ní Chathail The event will take place in Loreto Secondary School, Letterkenny over the weekend of the 19th and 20th of October.Described as a celebration of faith, keynote speakers include Archbishop Charles J Brown; Papal Nuncio, Colette Furlong and John Mc Areavey who will present the Pope John Paul II Awards after the 7:30 vigil mass in the Cathedral.A total of 96 students will receive the award which over the past three years has seen over 180 students completing 5500 hours of volunteering in both their parishes and communities in the Raphoe diocese.With each day beginning at 10 and finishing up at 6, there is a wide variety of workshops to attend. Covering an array of faith-based subjects, the workshops vary from ‘Preparing for Baptism’ with Gerry and Geraldine Burke on the Saturday, ‘Growing in Faith’ with Fr. Michael Duignan on the Sunday and ‘The God of Everyday Life’ with Sr. Rosemary Gallagher IBVM on both the Saturday and Sunday. Saturday’s programme will also include a ‘Youth Space with Elation Ministries’ between 2 and 6pm for those between the ages of 15 and 25, which will cost €5.Greatly inspired by the success of last year’s Eucharistic Congress, a Prayer Space and Wall of Intentions, an Exhibition Space, Gathering Space and Café Space will be provided.The cost to attend is €10 per day. The contact details for any queries or bookings are listed below. Address : Raphoe Pastoral Centre, Monastery Avenue, Letterkenny. Tel : 074 9121853 Email : Web : RAPHOE FAITH GATHERING LAUNCHED BY BISHOP BOYCE was last modified: September 17th, 2013 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Raphoe Faith Gatheringlast_img read more

Excitement over future turns to concern as Giants lose key reliever in defeat

first_imgSAN FRANCISCO — A promising night for the future of the Giants’ pitching staff turned into an evening filled with concern and anxiety shortly after rookie starter Logan Webb exited the game.Right-handed set-up man Reyes Moronta exited with a shoulder injury in the top of the sixth as the reliever crumpled to the grass in front of the mound after throwing a 97.5-mile per hour fastball to Padres shortstop Luis Urias.A few innings after losing Moronta to injury, the Giants (66-69) lost the game …last_img

49ers 31, Browns 3: Studs and duds en route to 4-0 start

first_imgSANTA CLARA — One snap in, Matt Breida was gone on an 83-yard, lightning-quick touchdown run.Four games in, the 49ers are undefeated, rocketing out of their 2014-18 funk and into the NFC driver’s seat with 12 long but enticing games to go.Monday night’s 31-3 rout of the Cleveland Browns showed how deadly their rushing attack is (275 yards), how dominant their defense has become (4 sacks, 4 takeaways), how wily coach Kyle Shanahan and his staff can be, and how healthy quarterback Jimmy …last_img

Mars Has Global Warming: Manufacturers At Fault?

first_imgMars appears to be coming out of an ice age and into an era of global warming, reports Space.Com.  Whether the Kyoto treaty can be extended to the red planet remains to be seen.  Environmentalists are not sure if human influence is to blame; the closest thing to an SUV on Mars is the leftover Pathfinder Rover.OK, OK, we won’t press the point.(Visited 7 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img

OBIC Bioproducts Innovation Center launches awareness program

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The OBIC Bioproducts Innovation Center is working in conjunction with the Ohio Soybean Council on a new education and outreach program, the Ohio Soy Sustainable Summer. The goal of the program is to increase the awareness and adoption of biobased products, products manufactured using renewable, plant-based materials such as soy.The program will be led by two seniors within the College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences at the Ohio State University: Brad Collins, studying Community Leadership, and Shivani Patel, studying Biological Engineering.The Ohio Soy Sustainable Summer will be making stops at 22 of Ohio’s county fairs. County fairs offer a diverse audience of consumers, agricultural producers, as well as 4-H and FFA youth exhibitors. We will be challenging fair-goers to an interactive game of Biobased Jeopardy that will allow participants to compete against each other to earn soy-based prizes.According to the OBIC Bioproducts Innovation Center 2018 Consumer Market Survey, only 8% of Americans are very familiar with biobased products or packaging. Collins and Patel are hitting the road this summer to spread the word of sustainability across Ohio.In addition to county fairs, the OBIC Bioproducts Innovation Center will be attending all five sessions of Ohio FFA Camp as part of the Ohio Soy Sustainable Summer program. Ohio FFA members will play an essential role in the future of the bioeconomy. After a quick lesson on biobased products and materials, campers will explore the challenges of marketing bioproducts during an advertising activity.The OBIC Bioproducts Innovation Center began in 2005 with a vision of advancing the biobased product industry by building partnerships to drive technologies from research to commercialization. Since then, OBIC has expanded into an international organization.The Ohio Soybean Council granted the funding for the Ohio Soy Sustainable Summer.last_img read more