March 2, 2002 Board of Trustees meeting is heldat Cosanti in Scottsdale. [T] It is often true thatit is warmer outdoors than it is indoors in the Arizona winter. [T] On a warm sunny dayin the winter when the patches of shade are well appreciated in theCatcast Courtyard at Cosanti, the opinions on the future of Arcosanti areexchanged among the members. [T]
We’re still ‘locked and loaded’ for a big up-moveI wouldn’t read too much into yesterday’s gold price action if I were you. The only thing that was noteworthy was that gold’s thin toe-hold on the $1,200 spot price mark disappeared before the London trading day began—and even the feeblest attempt to get back above that price was turned away.With Thursday being Thanksgiving in the U.S., we are now in the midst of the final three roll-over days out of the December contract and, not surprisingly, volumes are pretty heavy—with most of it being of the roll-over variety.With gold trading within a ten dollar price range, the high and low ticks aren’t worth the effort of looking up.Gold finished the Monday session at $1,198.30 spot, down $3.80 from Friday’s close. Gross volume was close to a quarter of a million contracts, but once the roll-overs were subtracted out, the volume crashed to only 74,000 contracts—which is a familiar occurrence as we approach every first notice day which, for December, is Friday.The silver price action had a bit more shape to it—initially down, of course, with the low tick coming shortly before 1 p.m. GMT in London—and about twenty-five minutes before the Comex open. The subsequent rally lasted until around 8:20 a.m. EST—and the was pretty much it for the remainder of the New York session.The low and high ticks were reported by the CME Group as $16.245 and $16.47 in the December contract.Silver closed in New York yesterday at $16.465 spot, up 1.5 cents on the day. Gross volume was well north of 90,000 contracts, but the lion’s share of that was roll-overs—and it all netted out to 18,500 contracts, which is very light.The platinum price chopped around unchanged up until shortly before 11 a.m. EST in New York—and on the news that the metal was going to be in a 1.33 million ounce deficit for the 2015 calendar year, some kind soul peeled 20 bucks off the price by noon in New York. The low tick of $1,193 spot came moments before the 5:15 p.m. close of electronic trading, but it got bid back above the $1,200 spot price mark right at the close. It finished the Monday session at $1,202 spot, down twenty bucks from Friday.The palladium price did nothing until shortly before 2 p.m. Zurich time—and then began to rally, but got stopped short of the $800 spot price mark in late morning trading in New York. It got sold down to a three dollar loss until around 3 p.m. EST in New York, but managed to rally a bit, closing up a buck. The structural deficit in palladium for 2015 is just as bad as platinum, if not worse.The dollar index closed late on Friday afternoon in New York at 88.265—and didn’t do much during the entire Monday trading session, closing at 89.154—which was down 11 basis points. Nothing to see here.The gold stocks opened down a bit, but rallied back into positive territory, albeit briefly, with their highs of the day coming just before 10:30 a.m. EST. It was all down hill from there until shortly after 2 p.m.—and from there they chopped sideways, as the HUI closed down 1.33%.Despite the fact that silver didn’t do all that badly yesterday, the silver equities never got a sniff of positive territory—and were down over 3 percent at one point. By the end of the Monday trading session, Nick Laird’s Intraday Silver Sentiment Index had shaved its loses to ‘only’ 2.13%.The CME Daily Delivery Report showed that 7 gold and 28 silver contracts were posted for delivery within the Comex-approved depositories on Wednesday. Scotiabank was the only long/stopper in both metals—and the only short/issuer in silver was Jefferies. The link to yesterday’s Issuers and Stoppers Report is here.The CME Preliminary Report for the Monday trading session showed that gold open interest in the November contract dropped from 20 to 9 contracts—and silver’s o.i. for the same month dropped from 88 down to 30 contracts. Once you subtract out the deliveries in the previous paragraphs, only 2 gold and 2 silver contracts are left in the month.There were no reported changes in GLD on Monday—and as of 7:53 p.m. EST yesterday evening, there were no reported changes in SLV, either. But when I checked the iShares.com Internet site at 3:06 a.m. EST this morning, I noted that an authorized participant withdrew 1,341,418 troy ounces.There was a decent sales report from the U.S. Mint yesterday. They sold 3,500 troy ounces of gold eagles—500 one-ounce 24K gold buffaloes—an another 426,500 silver eagles.There wasn’t much activity in gold over at the COMEX-approved depositories on Friday. No gold was reported received—and only 6,028 troy ounces were shipped out.In silver, there was 96,672 troy ounces reported received—and 387,118 troy ounces shipped out. The link to that activity is here.I have a lot of stories today—and I hope you find some that you like.At current prices, there is $6.6 trillion worth of gold in the world and a little over $16 billion worth of silver. In other words, on a dollar (or any other currency) basis, there is more than 400 times more gold in the world than silver. Expressed differently, all the silver in the world is worth only one-quarter of one percent (0.25%) of what all the world’s gold is worth. Even by doubling the amount of silver by including coins and small bars (most of which will never be converted into 1,000 oz bars), one would still end up with the gold being worth 200 times what the silver is worth or silver being worth 0.5% of what the gold is worth. These are the most extreme valuation differences ever. Like investors in everything else, precious metals investors seek out the best relative value available. Investors everywhere want the best value, lowest risk and biggest bang for their buck. Due to an increasingly obvious price manipulation on the COMEX, silver has reached a degree of undervaluation relative to gold that is so extreme as to be almost unbelievable, even when expressed in simple arithmetic terms. And because gold is so cheap compared to other asset classes, that automatically means silver is even cheaper compared to every other asset. – Silver analyst Ted Butler: 22 November 2014As I mentioned in my gold commentary at the top of the column, there wasn’t much in the way of price activity now that we’re in the throes of options and futures expiry. The last day to be out of December is Thursday—and with that day being Thanksgiving in the U.S., I expect that the rest of the big volume will come today and tomorrow, as New York will be closed on that day, although I get the impression that the gold market may still be open.Here are the 6-month charts for the six key commodities, plus natural gas. As I said on Saturday, gold touched its 50-day moving average in Friday trading—and hasn’t been anywhere near it since, as every rally attempt above the $1,200 spot price mark has been turned back. If you carefully note the gold chart above, you’ll see that we had what was most likely an engineered price failure at the 50-day moving average back in the third week of October—and I’m wondering out loud if we could be looking at a similar set-up right here.Time will tell—and not too much time, either.And as I write this paragraph, the London open is thirty minutes away. There wasn’t much activity in gold as far as price was concerned in Far East trading on their Tuesday, although it should be noted that both times gold broke through, or came close to the $1,200 spot price mark, there was a willing seller there to make sure that those rally attempts got no further—the last time coming at 3 p.m. Hong Kong time. Gold’s gross volume is 19,000 contracts at the moment, with about 30 percent of that amount consisting of roll-overs out of December and into the new front month, which is February.Both spike rallies in silver, which occurred at the same time as gold’s, met the same fate. Silver’s gross volume is 8,000 contracts, with almost half of that being roll-overs out of December and into March, the new front month once December goes off the board.Platinum is up a few dollars—and the palladium price is flat. The dollar index is chopping sideways in a very tight range.As Ted Butler said on the phone yesterday, we’re still ‘locked and loaded’ for a big up-move in the ‘Big 6’ commodities. If this move is in the cards, only the ‘when’ is still unknown—as is how far JPMorgan et al will let prices run this time around. If the central banks of the world are looking for inflation—commodity inflation is a sure-fire way of doing the job, as making up money out of thin air [QE] is now a spent force.And as I send this out the door at 5:15 a.m. EST this morning, all four precious metals are jumping around a bit. Another attempt by gold to rally above $1,200 spot got sold down immediately—as did the respective rallies in the the other three precious metals, but all are rallying anew as I hit the send button. All four are above their respective closing prices in New York yesterday—and platinum is doing particularly well after its vicious sell-off in New York late Monday morning, as is silver at the moment.Here’s the Kitco silver chart as of 5:28 a.m. EST—and gross volume is now over 17,000 contracts.Gross gold volume is 45,000 contracts, with 50 percent of that being roll-overs, so net volume isn’t overly heavy. Silver’s gross volume is 16,000 contracts with 60 percent of that being roll-overs out of the December contract as well. The dollar index isn’t doing a lot—and is basically unchanged from yesterday’s New York close.I’m not expecting much in the way of fireworks for the remainder of the week, but with the supply/demand fundamentals in all four precious metals so far out of whack, you just never know.That’s all I have for today’s column, which is more than enough—and I’ll certainly be interested in what the charts show when I power up my computer later this morning.See you tomorrow.
Recommended Link — It’s Easier to Buy Legal Pot Than Straws in California. Wait Until You See What’s Coming Next…It’s true. In California you can legally buy pot… but can get arrested for selling a plastic straw. Nothing on earth has gone from taboo to billion-dollar industry faster than marijuana. While tobacco sales plummet… beer sales tumble… and the opioid crisis decimates drug makers… Big Tobacco… Big Alcohol… and Big Pharma are all turning to pot to save their industries. We’re in the middle of the biggest marijuana takeover spree in history. Watch this new video for details on three tiny pot companies that are ideal takeover targets and could be in the crosshairs of corporate giants. • Legal marijuana is one of the fastest-growing industries on the planet…The U.S. legal marijuana market is already a $6.5 billion industry. And it’s expected to grow to $50 billion by 2026. That would make it nearly three times as big as the craft beer market.But let’s be real.• The legal marijuana industry isn’t just growing rapidly…It’s eating Big Alcohol alive.In fact, a recent study found that alcohol sales fell 15% in the U.S. in states that introduced medical marijuana. In states where recreational marijuana is legal, the decline is even more pronounced.In other words, legal marijuana isn’t just an opportunity for Constellation… It’s a means of survival.It’s not the only Big Alcohol company that’s come to this realization, either.• The Molson Coors Brewing Company made its first big move into the marijuana industry last month…As I said earlier, it announced that it’s entered a joint venture with The Hydropothecary Corporation.Together, the two companies will develop non-alcoholic, cannabis-infused beverages for sale in Canada.Heineken, one of the world’s largest brewing companies, is also turning itself into a marijuana company. In fact, its Lagunitas Brewing label recently launched a new brand that will specialize in non-alcoholic, THC-infused drinks. (THC is the compound in marijuana that gets people high.)Of course, this is just the beginning.• Soon, every major alcohol company will have no choice but to “go green”…Now, some companies will try to create marijuana brands in-house. But most won’t. Instead, they’ll buy existing marijuana assets or pen deals just like Constellation and Molson Coors.So consider speculating on high-quality marijuana stocks if you haven’t yet. These companies will be prime mergers and acquisitions targets in the coming years.Just don’t wait too long to act…• The marijuana industry is rapidly consolidating…Viridian Capital Advisors recently reported that more than 145 mergers and acquisitions were announced in the U.S. and Canada during the first half of this year. That’s nearly twice as many deals as there were in the cannabis industry during the first half of last year.This tells us demand for marijuana assets is skyrocketing. And that means other Big Alcohol companies will have to inroad into the marijuana space soon. If they don’t, they’ll get left behind.• This is why I encourage you to speculate on marijuana stocks sooner rather than later…Just be sure to do a few things before diving in:Do your homework. Study a company inside and out before buying its stock. Learn about its management team. Also, don’t buy any marijuana stock on a whim or hot tip. If it sounds too good to be true, it probably is.Use discipline. Only speculate with money that you can afford to lose. Don’t chase high-flying stocks. And stick to your stop-losses.Be patient. The marijuana industry is still very young. A healthy dose of volatility is to be expected. So don’t obsess over daily swings.Regards,Justin Spittler Istanbul, Turkey August 21, 2018P.S. Crisis Investing editor Nick Giambruno just released a brand-new video presentation that reveals even more proof that now is the time to bet on marijuana stocks.You see, until now, 99% of the largest hedge funds and banks wouldn’t touch pot. That’s about to change… The “Trillion Dollar Mainstream Marijuana Takeover” begins as soon as November 6.And Nick’s discovered three tiny pot companies that could be in the crosshairs of these big funds. Well-positioned investors could see gains of 7,500%… 9,329%… even 12,547% if these companies get taken over. Click here to learn more about this rare opportunity.Chart of the Day: The Number of Banks Is ShrinkingBy E.B. Tucker, editor, Strategic InvestorThe number of U.S. banks continues to fall…As you can see in the chart below, there are 65% fewer banks in the U.S. today than in the early 1980s.That’s a dramatic decline… But I believe there will be half as many banks at the turn of the next cycle.And it’s opening up a profit opportunity…You see, earlier this year, President Trump signed a bill into law that reduces regulations on all but the largest U.S. banks. I believe this is just the beginning… It’s now only a matter of time before Trump repeals more Obama-era banking regulations.This is obviously good news for banks—specifically regional banks, like the kind we own in my Strategic Investor newsletter.It means they’ll spend less money on compliance, and more money on growing their businesses. They’ll become more profitable. As a result, they’ll have more cash to go out and acquire other banks.This is one of the best setups I’ve seen for banks in my entire career.Keep in mind, banks had excessive risk on their books going into the last crisis. The government caged them for 10 years. The Trump administration is openly saying it plans to set them free. This is a trend we don’t want to miss.—E.B. TuckerP.S. I just released a new video with more on why you need to own bank stocks today.You see, in 2008—in one of the biggest cons in American history—taxpayer funds were abused by the bank bailout. Washington elites gave the mega-banks $245 billion.The money you paid to Uncle Sam over the past 10 years went to ungrateful executives and their million-dollar yachts. And rather than return the favor… these bankers cut your income from savings accounts and CDs to nearly zero.But now, American citizens can be “compensated” for this outrageous filching of our money. It’s through what I call “Bailout Compensation Checks” or “Comp Checks” for short… Click here to see how you can access yours today.Reader MailbagToday, a reader responds to Nick Giambruno’s recent essay: “Federal Hemp Bill Will Make This Niche Industry Surge”…I love your article about CBD [cannabidiol] oil from industrial hemp. I agree 100% with what you have reported and have already invested in a few pot stocks. Like most pot stocks, they trade on the OTC exchange. My wife is suffering from a neurological problem and since I haven’t found a doctor in my area that knows much about CBD, I found a company in Colorado that produces the CBD oil from industrial hemp. I have ordered a bottle to try. I’m hoping this is the miracle we are looking for.—WilliamAs always, if you have any questions or suggestions for the Dispatch, send them to us right here. By Justin Spittler, editor, Casey Daily DispatchWe just witnessed the biggest “drug deal” of our time.…but it didn’t involve cartels or gangsters.No, this deal was forged between two giant North American corporations—Constellation Brands and Canopy Growth Corporation.Constellation is the third-largest U.S. beer company and owner of the popular Corona brand.Canopy, on the other hand, is the world’s biggest cannabis company. It serves more than 55,000 medical marijuana patients in Canada.Now this might seem like a strange pair. But this deal makes a lot of sense. In fact, Constellation basically had to make this deal. I’ll explain why in a second.But first, let me say a few things about this blockbuster deal…• Last Wednesday, Constellation announced that it will invest $4 billion in Canopy…In exchange, Constellation will receive a 38% stake in the cannabis giant.That makes this the biggest legal cannabis deal in history—by far.Of course, this isn’t the first time that Constellation has invested in Canopy. In October, it paid $191 million for a 10% stake in Canopy…This new deal nearly quadruples Constellation’s stake. — Recommended Link • Canopy’s stock surged 35% the day after the announcement…And it’s up 59% since then…Canopy’s stock is now up 215% since Constellation first invested in it 10 months ago.That’s an enormous move. But regular readers saw this coming from a mile away.• I’ve been saying for months that Big Alcohol would enter the cannabis space…In December, I told you that a “cannabis takeover mania is underway.” I said there would be a lot more dealmaking in the cannabis space.In March, I told you “Big Alcohol hasn’t been this scared since Prohibition.” I showed you why the Molson Coors Brewing Company called marijuana one of the biggest threats to its business—and that it would soon have to turn itself into a marijuana company.Then, earlier this month, I showed you that we were spot-on with our call—Coors announced that it entered a joint venture with The Hydropothecary Corporation, a Canadian cannabis producer.Now, I didn’t write this essay to brag. I wrote it because I believe we’ll see many more deals like this in the coming months… and I want you to be ready for that.After all, investors who get ahead of deals like this can make 20%… 30%… or even 40% in a day.I’ll show you how to set yourself up for those kinds of gains in a minute. But let me say a few more words on the Constellation–Canopy deal.• Constellation paid a fortune for its stake in Canopy…I don’t say this just because Constellation shelled out $4 billion.I say this because Constellation paid $4 billion and only got a 38% stake in Canopy. Let me explain…Before the deal was announced, Canopy was worth around $5 billion. So, a $4 billion investment (plus the $191 million that it already invested) should have given Constellation a much bigger stake… but it ended up with less than half of the company.This tells me Constellation sees an incredible opportunity in the legal marijuana market. Why else would it pay such a steep premium?But don’t take my word for it. Constellation CEO Robert Sands said he pulled the trigger on this deal because cannabis is a “tremendous growth opportunity.”And he’s right. Strange towers appearing in major urban areasHave you seen these strange-looking metal poles in your city? Most people have no idea what they’re for. But in just a few short years, these towers could completely upend the entire $479 billion smartphone industry… and make well-positioned investors rich. If you want to be one of them… and get ahead of this transformational trend… click here.
Source:https://www2.gmu.edu/news/572896 Reviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)Nov 29 2018Latinos are one of the fastest growing populations in the United States and one of the largest communities in Prince William County, Virginia. Health-based outreach efforts and programs that provide targeted care for Latinos are limited, but a George Mason University program hopes to fix that.Program Coordinator Daisy Posada, MPH ’18, said Latino families often face barriers when shopping and learning about healthy lifestyles.”Eating habits are very different based on what they have access to in stores and their income,” said Posada. “One of the parts in our program is sharing recipes that are culturally appropriate but also something they can replicate at home.”The program, “Vidas Activas, y Familias Saludables (VALÉ): A Multidisciplinary Childhood Obesity Treatment Program for Latino Communities,” focuses on children’s weight management for low-income Latino youth, ages 5 to 9, and their families in Prince William County.Originally funded by Mason’s Multidisciplinary Research Initiative, the programming is in Spanish and pulls evidence-based expertise from three disciplines: exercise physiology, nutrition and psychology.Recently the program was honored with the Potomac Health Foundation’s Best Practice Award for Community Engagement. The recognition highlighted the program’s work with a community advisory board that includes parents who participated in previous years and now help to improve cultural adaptations.The VALÉ program is directed by Sina Gallo, assistant professor in the Department of Nutrition and Food Studies, Margaret Jones, professor in the College of Education and Human Development, and Robyn Mehlenbeck, a clinical associate professor in the College of Humanities and Social Sciences and director of Mason’s Center for Psychological Services. The program also relies on local partnerships with schools and free clinics.Related StoriesNovel program in England’s third largest city helps reduce childhood obesityMetabolic enzyme tied to obesity and fatty liver diseaseNew anti-obesity drug trial set to launch at Alberta Diabetes Institute”Latino children are disproportionately affected by obesity, and our pilot program found early markers of cardiometabolic disease already present in many of the children aged 5 [to] 9 years,” said Gallo. “Early treatment is key to save future health care costs, yet programs for pediatric obesity either do not exist or are inaccessible for many Latinos in this area.”As parents take part in lessons where they learn about reading nutrition labels, understanding different nutrients, reinforcing healthy eating and activity behaviors at home and cooking healthy meals, the children participate in a physical activity and are taught about healthy school lunch choices. At the end of each lesson, parents and children come together to share the meal prepared earlier, as well as set goals for the week together. Behavioral health skills help families make the difficult changes and keep healthy habits going after the program ends.One cultural adaptation popular with parents is learning to cook meals that are affordable, easy to prepare and culturally appropriate. Posada said they teach families how to cook using pressure cookers, considering that some low-income families may be sharing small kitchens or not have access to full kitchens.Last year, the program was awarded the Howard L. Greenhouse Grant from the Potomac Health Foundation, which allowed 44 families to complete the program. This year, the foundation extended the program’s funding to offer it to an additional 48 families. VALÉ is currently recruiting for the next weight management program that will begin in January 2019.
Washington’s agreement Thursday to restore ZTE’s access to U.S. components removed a prominent irritant in relations with Beijing, but the two nations still are embroiled in a broader conflict over trade, tariffs and technology policy.Chairman Yin Yimin’s letter also apologized to ZTE’s 80,000 employees, according to the South China Morning Post. Their jobs were in jeopardy after ZTE lost access to U.S. technology and suspended most of its operations.Yin’s letter said there were “problems in our compliance culture” and ZTE should “hold the relevant people accountable and avoid similar issues in future,” according to the Post. “I would like to apologize to all employees, customers, shareholders and partners.”ZTE, headquartered in the southern city of Shenzhen, declined to comment on the report. An employee who asked not to be identified further confirmed Yin sent a letter to the workforce but would not confirm its contents.In its settlement with Washington, ZTE agreed to pay a $1 billion fine, allow a compliance team chosen by the United States to be embedded in the company and replace its executive team and board of directors.ZTE had been barred in April from buying U.S. components after the Commerce Department said the company violated a settlement after it admitted in 2017 exporting telecoms equipment to Iran and North Korea in violation of U.S. regulations. Commerce said ZTE promised to discipline employees involved but instead paid some of them full bonuses and then lied about it.The ban forced ZTE, which relies on U.S. components, to halt operations and would have ended most of its business.The conflict added to strains over President Donald Trump’s threat to hike tariffs on up to $50 billion of Chinese goods in response to complaints Beijing steals or pressures foreign companies to hand over technology.Beijing said it reserved the right to retaliate and warned Sunday it would scrap any deals reached in talks on narrowing the Chinese trade surplus with the United States if tariff hikes go ahead.Chinese anti-monopoly regulators have withheld approval of Qualcomm Inc.’s proposed acquisition of NXP Semiconductors, which some commentators say is being used as leverage against Washington.The White House renewed its threat last week, saying the 25 percent duties would take effect June 15.”The settlement on ZTE does not significantly impact the probability that the U.S. will impose tariffs on China,” said Eurasia Group analysts in a report.However, they said the settlement might reduce the likelihood of a prolonged escalation of tensions.The Post reported earlier ZTE sent reprimand letters to 35 current and former employees involved in illegal sales to Iran and is trying to claw back bonuses from people who no longer work there.The state-owned company’s Communist Party secretary, the chief technology and chief compliance officers and the executive who oversaw corporate operations have been replaced this year.Yin’s letter said the issue will not be fully resolved until the U.S. government approves the agreement and unspecified conditions are met, according to the Post.ZTE must “always adhere to the bottom line of compliance,” the letter was quoted as saying. “I hope that we can devote ourselves to hard work and innovation and get the company back into business as soon as possible.” Explore further In this May 8, 2018, file photo, a woman passes by a ZTE building in Beijing, China. Chinese tech giant ZTE Corp.’s chairman promised no further compliance violations and apologized to customers in a letter Friday, June 8, 2018, for disruptions caused by its violation of U.S. export controls, a newspaper reported. (AP Photo/Ng Han Guan, File) Chinese tech giant ZTE Corp.’s chairman promised no further compliance violations and apologized to customers in a letter Friday for disruptions caused by its violation of U.S. export controls, a newspaper reported. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. China: Qualcomm plan ‘has difficulty’ resolving concerns Citation: Report: ZTE chairman promises no more violations, apologizes (2018, June 8) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-06-zte-chairman-violations.html
Weight-bearing exercise can help keep bones strong and prevent or slow osteoporosis progression. Credit: Shutterstock Nutrition: Eating a diet that’s low in calcium and vitamin D increases osteoporosis risk. Age: Bones typically become thinner and weaker with age. Ethnicity: White and Asian women have the highest risk of osteoporosis, while African American and Hispanic women have a lower risk. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, such as avoiding smoking and limiting alcohol consumption, reduces bone loss. Medical problems: Numerous health conditions and diseases can also increase a person’s risk for osteoporosis. Review this list of calcium-rich foods from the University of California, San Francisco Medical Center. Family history: People whose parents had a hip fracture may be more likely to develop the disease. Body size: Petite and thin people are at greater risk of this condition because they have less bone to lose than people with larger frames and more body weight. This article is for informational purposes only and is not meant to offer medical advice. Osteoporosis risk factors The following factors can increase a person’s risk of developing osteoporosis, according to the Cleveland Clinic. Osteoporosis symptoms and diagnosis Osteoporosis may cause no symptoms in its early stages, and as a result, the disease can go unnoticed for decades. Some visible signs of osteoporosis may be a loss of height and a curve in the upper back, which may cause stooped posture. A “dowager’s hump” may occur when several vertebrae collapse from osteoporotic fractures in the spine. Other symptoms may include back pain, from a fracture or a collapsed vertebra in the spine, or tooth loss, if osteoporosis has affected the jawbone. Hip fracture is another serious consequence of osteoporosis. About 20% of older adults who fracture a hip die within one year from complications of the broken bone or the surgery needed to repair it, according to the National Osteoporosis Foundation. Doctors may perform a bone mineral density (BMD) test to determine if a patient has osteoporosis, according to the Mayo Clinic. The test uses a special X-ray machine to measure the mineral content at three different bone sites, typically the hip, the spine and the top of the femur. The scan can reveal if a person has low bone mass at any of these three bone sites by comparing the patient’s bone density to the normal bone density in a healthy 30-year-old person of the same sex. BMD testing is recommended for women who are 65 or older and for women 50 to 64 who have certain risk factors for the disease. Men over the age of 70 or younger men with risk factors should also be screened for osteoporosis. Being a couch potato: Not getting enough physical activity or too much bed rest following an injury, illness or surgery weakens bones over time. Unhealthy habits: Smoking and consuming too much alcohol can both increase bone loss. Sex: Women are more likely to develop osteoporosis than men, because women have less bone tissue and lose bone faster after menopause. Getting regular weight-bearing exercise. How bone changes over time The body is continually breaking down small areas of old bone tissue, a process called bone resorption, and replacing that old tissue with new bone tissue. During childhood and adolescence, new bone is deposited faster than old bone is removed. This makes bones larger, heavier and denser. Peak bone mass, or when bones reach their maximum density and strength, typically occurs around age 30 for both sexes. Around age 35, bone breakdown occurs faster than the replacement by new bone, causing a gradual loss of bone mass, according to the National Institute on Aging. Women undergo more-rapid bone loss in the first few years after menopause (around age 51) than in their 30s and 40s because the ovaries produce much less estrogen, a hormone that protects against bone loss, according to The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Men in their 50s and 60s also start to lose bone mass, but at a slower rate than women do. It’s not until ages 65 to 70 that men and women begin losing bone mass at about the same rate. For that reason, osteoporosis is more common in women. The condition affects about 25% of women and 5% of men ages 65 and over, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Can osteoporosis be prevented? The more bone a person builds early in life, the better that individual can resist bone loss later on. Prevention should start when people are younger, during their peak bone-building years, with the following steps, according to the National Osteoporosis Foundation: Osteoporosis treatment and medications People with advanced osteopenia as well as those with osteoporosis need medication to reduce their risk of fractures. Bisphosphonates are usually the first drugs used to treat osteoporosis, but while they help slow bone loss, they don’t help build new bone. These drugs include alendronate (Fosamax), risedronate (Actonel) and ibandronate (Boniva). Studies have shown that alendronate can reduce the risk of spine and hip fractures by up to 50%, Rosen said. Once a person has started treatment for osteoporosis, bone-density testing should be repeated every two to three years to monitor how the density is changing and whether treatment is working, Rosen said. For severe osteoporosis, patients may need one of three medications given by injection that actually build new bone, Rosen said. These include teriparatide (Forteo), abaloparatide (Tymlos) and romosozumab (Evenity). But after a year on these bone-building drugs, a patient needs to take bisphosphonates; otherwise, all the bone-density gains will be lost, Rosen said. In addition to medication, people with osteoporosis should aim to include 1,200 milligrams of calcium a day in their diet, from food or supplements (preferably calcium citrate), Rosen said. He also recommends taking 1,500 to 2,000 International Units (IU) of supplemental vitamin D each day. Being physically active is also beneficial for people with osteoporosis. Rosen recommends regular workouts that include weight-bearing aerobic activity, as well as strength training, balance and posture exercises. Additional resources: Learn more about osteoporosis in men from the National Institutes of Health. Osteoporosis is a common disease that makes bones weak, thin, brittle and more likely to break. The condition typically occurs in women after menopause and can increase the risk of fractures, especially in the hip, spine and wrist, according to the National Institutes of Health. The condition is often called a “silent disease” because bone loss can happen slowly and without any warning signs. People may not be aware they have osteoporosis until they break a bone, lose height or develop hunched posture. About 10 million Americans have osteoporosis, and another 44 million have low bone mass, or osteopenia, placing them at increased risk for osteoporosis, according to the National Osteoporosis Foundation.Advertisement There are a number of factors that may lead to osteoporosis, said Dr. Harold Rosen, an endocrinologist and director of the Osteoporosis Prevention and Treatment Center at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston. One such factor is the accelerated bone loss that occurs after menopause, he said. Men also lose bone as they age, normally once they’re in their 60s and 70s, Rosen said. Some men think osteoporosis affects only women, but it strikes men too, he explained. Low calcium intake and low vitamin D levels in the body can also lead to bone loss, Rosen told Live Science. The body needs a good supply of calcium and other minerals to form bone, and vitamin D helps absorb calcium from food and incorporate the nutrient into bone. In addition, unhealthy habits, such as smoking and excessive drinking, can speed up bone loss, he said. Bone Density Decreases in SpaceBone loss is a serious issue that has plagued astronauts since the dawn of the Space age. In the microgravity environment bones are remodeled with a decrease in mineral density. Good nutrition, increased vitamin D intake and exercise are used to battle the issue aboard the ISS.Volume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Better Bug Sprays?01:33关闭选项Automated Captions – en-US facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65900-osteoporosis.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0002:4102:41Your Recommended Playlist01:33Better Bug Sprays?04:24Sperm Whale Befriends Underwater Robot00:29Robot Jumps Like a Grasshopper, Rolls Like a Ball01:08Why Do French Fries Taste So Bad When They’re Cold?02:31Surgical Robotics00:29Video – Giggly Robot关闭 Osteoporosis bones are porous and weak compared to healthy bones that are more dense. Credit: Shutterstock Medications: Using certain drugs on a long-term basis can lead to bone loss. These medicines include corticosteroids, such as prednisone; heparin, a blood thinner; selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), a class of antidepressants; and aromatase inhibitors, used to treat breast cancer. Consuming adequate amounts of foods rich in calcium and vitamin D throughout life. Download a helpful brochure from Osteoporosis Canada on managing osteoporosis through exercise.