This weekend marks the 70th anniversary of the ESB Rural Electrification Scheme which brought electricity to rural Ireland for the first time.‘The Quiet Revolution’ of widespread electricity usage, which transformed the lives of those living in rural Ireland, has been described by author Michael Shiel as “the greatest social and economic revolution in rural Ireland since the Land War”.Before and after rural electrification. Source: esbarchives.ieTo mark the historic event, ESB have uploaded all of the information and materials relating to the Rural Electrification Scheme on their website. You can view these fascinating stories, interactive maps, and information on those who campaigned for the scheme by clicking here. In the days of the newly formed Irish free state in the 1920s, insufficient funding was available to extend electricity to rural Ireland.Although the Shannon Scheme illuminated 240,000 towns and cities, 400,000 rural homes were left without power.J.A. Walsh anecdote. ESB Journal January 1959. Source: esbarchives.ieIn the late 1930s and early 1940s, plans began to be put in place for rural electrification. However, with the outbreak of World War Two, the work did not begin until the war ended in 1945.When was your area connected? Zoom in on the map below and simply click your area to see when it was connected, how many premises were connected, and even how many kilometers of cable were used! ESB has also released these advertisements from the 1960s which give us a glimpse of how electricity revolutionised life in the 1960s, particularly within the domestic sphere. For more click here.ESB marks 70th anniversary of rural electrification was last modified: November 6th, 2016 by Elaine McCalligShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:cookingdomesticdonegalESBheathistoryinteractivelightrural electrification schemewater
Visitors to the Zagreb Zoo get to walk through displays detailing the ways in which humans “contribute to the destruction of wildlife and the environment,” and then spend a little time in a cage that was deemed unsuitable for the foxes and martens who were its previous inhabitants. The zoo calls humans “the most dangerous species on the planet.” In March of this year Animal Friends Croatia staged a similar stunt to protest the treatment of chickens on commercial farms. Although they object to all zoos as a form of prison, in April the group gave the Zagreb Zoo a passing grade on its treatment of animals.The animals in the Zagreb Zoo appear to be safe and well treated, but what about the people? They are subjected to a series of accusations and then put into a substandard cage as if to say, “You are guilty, and you deserve to be caged.” They are then free to tour the rest of the zoo, basking in shame for enjoying the experience. Maybe there should be a dispenser of complimentary Prozac at the front gate. The Agence France-Presse press release was accompanied by a file photo only identified as “a lion in his cage at a zoo.” Pictures from the zoo’s web site and the statement from Animal Friends Croatia indicate that this was a stock photo and was probably not taken anywhere near Zagreb. AFP was trying to add a little more drama to the story. There is no doubt that people have done some very irresponsible things in regard to the environment and the treatment of animals, however Genesis is clear that humans are not merely another species of animal, but distinctively persons, made in the image of God. If people have done some stupid things in the past, the answer is not to do more stupid things.(Visited 6 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Two aspects of stand establishment often discussed by agronomists are emergence and seed spacing. “Picket fence” spacing in corn helps plants grow efficiently and minimizes competition between them. Uniform spacing is an important part of stand establishment. More importantly, however, is uniform emergence. Plants that are just 1 leaf collar behind (due to uneven emergence) significantly reduce yield. According to Paul Jasa, University of Nebraska Extension ag engineer, “When a plant develops ahead of its neighbor, it hurts yield dramatically. It’s going to vary somewhat from year to year, but a plant lagging behind those around it becomes a weed.” To achieve uniform emergence, consistent planting depth is critical.Field conditions, gauge wheel settings, unit down pressure, and planter speed all affect seeding depth. Set planter depth and check it regularly. A planter may have enough weight to apply the proper down force when full, but what about when it’s almost empty? If it is a model with center fill hoppers, is there enough weight on the ends? Additional weight may need to be added. Keep in mind, too much down pressure and planting in “marginal” or wet conditions can result in sidewall compaction of the seed trench, which will hinder root development and negatively impact yield.Ground speed can greatly impact planter performance. Planting too fast may cause units to bounce, resulting in uneven seeding depth. Planter units and seed tubes are designed for accuracy at certain speeds. For example, if a planter is designed to drop seed correctly at 5 mph, planting at 6 mph will reduce the accuracy of seed spacing and can result in seed bounce, as well as seed placement on the side of seed trench instead of at the bottom. Following the equipment manufacturer’s recommendations and planting at the appropriate speed will improve the accuracy of plant spacing and depth.Yields can be severely affected by late emerging plants. In a publication called: Uneven emergence in corn, The University of Wisconsin has documented as much as a 9% decrease in yield when 25% of corn plants were delayed a week and a half in emerging. Because emergence is so critical to yield, it is important that corn growers set up, adjust, and operate their planters to ensure uniform seed placement and even emergence this spring.
Motorists using the Mumbai-Pune Expressway will now have to pay the toll till 2045. The earlier deadline for toll collection was 2030. A senior official of the Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation (MSRDC) said the toll period is being increased by 15 years to fund the ‘missing link’ project. According to the government’s toll policy, the toll is revised every three years at 6% per annum. By 2045, the one-way toll for cars between the two cities would be a little over ₹1,000. The project involves the construction of a 13.3-km-long road, which will start from the Khopoli underpass and end near Sinhgad Institute at Kusgaon on the expressway. The link will shorten the distance between the two cities by six kilometers and is expected to reduce the average travel time by 25 minutes. The eight-lane road will be almost a straight road and comprise two sections of viaducts (measuring 700 metres and 750 metres) and two tunnel sections ( measuring 1.4 km and 8.9 km).A senior MSRDC official said, “There will be two four-lane viaducts and two four-lane tunnels in each section. The the link will eliminate six steep turns and reduce the gradient of the route considerably. This will go a long way in easing the congestion along the entire expressway.” After the link is built, motorists can avoid the ghat section heading to Pune.Three-year deadlineThe bids for the project were opened last week with Afcons Infrastructure and Navyuga Engineering emerging as the lowest bidders for viaducts and tunnels respectively. The total expected project cost is ₹5,300 crore. The official said, “The MSRDC board will take the final call on awarding the tender. We expect work on the project to start after the monsoon. The contractors are expected to complete the work within three years of awarding the tender.”
Shiv Sena chief Uddhav Thackeray on Tuesday said despite his party being in the State government for the last five years without much power, he never betrayed or conspired to pull it down. He said in an alliance, both parties need to exercise caution and if the speed is accelerated unnecessarily, it could lead to an “accident”.In the second part of his interview to Sena mouthpiece Saamana, Mr. Thackeray spoke about his party’s objection to the tree felling in Aarey Colony here, saying they are not against the Metro car shed, but the place where it is proposed. “Development should not happen by causing hardships to people,” he said, asserting that the Sena will continue to raise its voice on issues pertaining to citizens.He also expressed confidence that the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)-Sena alliance will provide a much better administration and governance, if it wins the State polls again. When asked about the party’s protest over crop insurance, Mr. Thackeray said he takes a stand on issues concerning people. “When the government publicises its achievements, the work done is seen on the ground. I will continue to highlight people’s issues before the government,” he said.“Did I betray the government or conspire to pull it down? No. We were in government without any power for last five years. There were differences, and we raised our voice wherever we felt things were wrong,” he said. Mr. Thackeray said that for the alliance to stay intact, both the BJP and the Sena must exercise caution.“We need to control our mind. If you accelerate speed unnecessarily, you can meet with an accident. This has happened earlier,” he said, in an apparent reference to the breaking of the alliance ahead of the 2014 State polls. Mr. Thackeray said his party forged an alliance with the BJP in the interest of the State.“I compromised for the sake of the State. I am confident we can provide good governance in the next five years based on the previous experience,” he said. “The experience Devendra Fadnavis had when he first became Chief Minister, some Sena ministers reached much before,” he noted.On the raging issue of the felling of trees in Aarey Colony, which is considered the city’s lung, Mr. Thackeray said the Sena is not opposed to the Metro car shed, but its location. “The car shed in Aarey is opposed by Mumbaikars, not the Sena,” he said. “It is not my party’s personal issue. We need the Metro and development, but while doing so, we shouldn’t lose something more valuable,” he said. Mr. Thackeray said Mumbai is the only city in the world to have a natural forest cover and wildlife. “The murderers of Aarey trees will have to pay a price for axing them in the middle of the night. (Sena corporator) Yashwant Jadhav, the petitioner, was fined ₹50,000 (by court) while dismissing his plea. But murderers of the trees will be responsible for damage to the environment,” he said.The Sena chief said he was thankful to the Supreme Court, which restrained the authorities from cutting any more trees in Aarey Colony, for “taking a different stand”. On his party’s opposition to the Nanar refinery project, Mr. Thackeray said his party supported locals. “The Sena’s stand to oppose the project was not for my personal gain or the party’s political interest,” he said.Even in the case of the Mumbai-Nagpur Samruddhi Corridor project, the locals opposed it, he said, adding that he went there and saw “fertile land being declared barren” by government officials. “This is not an anti-government stand. We spoke to the people opposing the project. We got the route changed by saving the farms,” he pointed out.Justifying Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s criticism of the Congress and Nationalist Congress Party, and their leadership, during his campaigns, the Sena said if the opposition targets the alliance, “then we have to highlight their tenure”.Noting that the Sena played the role of opposition many times, he said, “I am against misuse of power and politics of revenge. Don’t know about the Enforcement Directorate (ED). But misuse of the Central Bureau of Investigation is not new. You reap what you sow.” On claims that the ED was being misused to target political opponents, Mr. Thackeray asked, “Who are these opponents? Are they clean?” “Nobody is targeting clean leaders. Will you agree that all those on the ED’s radar are clean?” he said.To a question on speculations that he was also facing pressure from the ED, the Sena chief said, “What is the fear if you haven’t done anything wrong. I am a fighter’s son. I am not scared. Don’t experiment on me.” On the Assembly polls, he said the Sena has to be prepared in all the 288 seats. “Preparation doesn’t mean contesting elections, or winning or losing. I want the Sena’s ideology to reach each and every ward,” he said.
PARIS — Kylian Mbappe is looking forward to a busy summer in 2020.The 20-year-old France forward, who helped his national team win the World Cup last year, wants to play at both the 2020 European Championship and the Tokyo Olympics.Soon after France qualified for the Olympic tournament by reaching the semifinals at the European Under-21 Championship this week, Mbappe wrote “Tokyo 2020” on Twitter accompanied by a joyful emoticon.The Paris Saint-Germain striker had already expressed his interest in the Olympic tournament. Although Mbappe has never played for his country’s under-21 team, he would be eligible for the Olympic squad despite not being involved in the qualification competition.French soccer federation president Noel Le Graet told Le Parisien newspaper this week it would be up to coach Sylvain Ripoll to decide.“It’s nice that Kylian can say that,” Le Graet said. “It shows he is interested in all France teams, and especially in the Olympics. Once again, it’s nice. But we will need to meet him, and ask the question to Sylvain Ripoll. The decision will belong to him.”FIFA rules, however, stipulate that clubs are not obliged to release players for the Olympic tournament.If France qualifies for the European Championship, Mbappe could be playing matches until July 12, the date of the final in London. That is only 10 days before the Olympic tournament kicks off in Japan.TweetPinShare0 Shares
Chelsea rival Arsenal for wantaway Barcelona midfielder Denis Suarezby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveChelsea ace rivaling Arsenal for wantaway Barcelona midfielder Denis Suarez.Arsenal have identified Denis as a readymade replacement for departing Wales midfielder Aaron Ramsey.The Mirror says Denis’ Barcelona future is expected to be resolved over the weekend.The midfielder has fallen out of favour but that hasn’t stopped Chelsea looking closely.They have yet to make a bid but could be tempted if Suarez is given the green light to go. TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
Christopher Reeve’s children have released the following statement via the Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation on the death of Robin Williams.Robin Williams with Christopher Reeve“The Reeve family, like many, will remember Robin for the humor, energy and brightness he brought into our lives through the screen. We will cherish him, though, for the quiet and unwavering support he showed our family through the hardest times. The world knew Robin as a comedic titan, but to our family, he was simply one of our Dad’s dearest friends. From the moment they were classmates at Juilliard, their friendship transformed into a brotherhood that was built on a mutual admiration for the theater, the arts and, most importantly, laughter.“After our father’s accident, Robin’s visit to his hospital room was the first time that Dad truly laughed. Dad later said, “My old friend had helped me know that somehow I was going to be okay.” Robin and his incredible family stayed by our side for the rest of Dad’s life, and long after that as well. He and Marsha Garces Williams joined the Board of the Reeve Foundation, and provided unending support without fanfare or question.“Robin’s unparalleled legacy on screen will last through the ages. But beyond the gift of laughter, he gave our family and the Reeve Foundation the gift of his simple, steadfast friendship. It’s a gift we’ll treasure forever.”Christopher Reeve and Robin Williams met as roommates while studying at Juilliard. While training side by side, their camaraderie on stage blossomed into a friendship that would remain steadfast through each chapter of their lives. Following Christopher’s accident, Robin stayed at his side and was a pillar of support for the entire family.“‘The world has lost a tremendous activist and artist, and an inspiration for people worldwide. I have lost a great friend.’ Ten years ago, Robin Williams shared those words when Christopher Reeve passed away,” said Reeve Foundation President & CEO, Peter Wilderotter. “It is with a heavy heart that we announce the passing of a dear friend, former board member and advocate for our community. While the world knew Robin Williams as an Oscar-winning actor, we knew a different side to the man whose smile was as big as his heart.“To share a familiar and beloved story: When Christopher was first hospitalized, Robin Williams arrived in his room, dressed as a doctor, reprising his role from the movie Nine Months. ‘He announced that he was a proctologist and had to examine me immediately. For the first time since the accident, I laughed,’ as recounted by Christopher in his autobiography.“Without hesitation, Robin joined the Reeve Foundation Board of Directors and immediately assumed the role of advocate for our community. For his dedication and unwavering support, the Reeve Foundation honored Robin in 1998 at A Magical Evening with the inaugural “Human Spirit Award” and then recognized him again in 2007 at an event in Los Angeles Even his attendance at events resulted in a surge of supporters reaching out to contribute to the Reeve Foundation mission.“While our hearts ache with the loss of our friend, it is unlikely Robin would want us to mourn his passing with silence, but to celebrate his life through laughter. Together, let’s remember Robin for the man who made the world laugh.”Source:ChristopherReeve.org
For the second straight year, Serena Williams’s bid to make history at the U.S. Open was derailed in a semifinal upset. Last year, Williams was seeking to complete the first calendar-year Grand Slam since Steffi Graf in 1988 and to tie Graf’s Open-era record of 22 career major titles when she was defeated by No. 43 Roberta Vinci. On Thursday night, Williams was two match wins from passing Graf in career major titles, but, hampered by an injury to her left knee, she lost to No. 11 Karolina Pliskova.Williams was ranked No. 1 heading into both matches. And according to win probabilities based on our tennis Elo ratings, both results were big surprises: She had a 97 percent chance of beating Vinci and an 87 percent chance against Pliskova.1In this article, our estimates of win probability heading into matches at this year’s U.S. Open use a blend of players’ overall Elo ratings and Elo ratings based only on hard-court matches, according to the methods described in our article about our tournament forecast. For earlier matches, we’re using probabilities based on overall Elo ratings for both players. That’s not unusual for Williams, who has left majors in two ways over the past five years, each one happening about as often as the other: Either as the champion (9 of 20) or as the loser of a big upset (11 of 20). She has had at least an 85 percent chance of winning all 11 of the matches she has lost at majors since 2012 (her first year playing the majors in her 30s). Those 11 losses are among the 14 most surprising of her career at majors: In other words, her 14 Slam losses for which she entered the matches with the highest Elo-based win probabilities.The series of surprise losses is the result of two factors:1) Williams is losing more matches she should win, perhaps a reflection of increased susceptibility in her 30s to injury or wear during a tournament. She has won 89 percent of Slam matches since 2012 in which she had an 85 percent chance or better, compared with a 96 percent win percentage in the same type of matches before 2012.2In both time periods, the average of her win probability in these matches was 95 percent.2) Against a field with fewer all time-greats than she faced earlier in her career, Williams is playing a lot more matches as a big favorite, giving her more opportunities to be upset: She has had at least an 85 percent chance of winning in 88 percent of her major matches since the start of 2012, compared with 64 percent earlier.
Marek Hamsik’s agent has praised Napoli manager Carlo Ancelotti for making his client into an ‘almost perfect’ deep-lying playmaker.Hamsik has taken Jorginho’s role at Napoli after the Italy midfielder signed for Chelsea, and Martin Petras believes Ancelotti has transformed his client. Football Italia reports.“Marek still needs to improve in his new role, but it’s inevitable that he will,” he said after Napoli’s 2-1 win at Lazio on Saturday.“Marek has great qualities and I think Ancelotti giving him this new role was excellent, almost perfect. It’ll be a new stimulus for him.Sacchi explains Sarri, Conte, and Ancelotti Manuel R. Medina – September 14, 2019 Arrigo Sacchi talked about how Sarri has a tougher time at Juventus than Conte at Inter; while Ancelotti’s “blood is boiling” at Napoli.Arrigo Sacchi…“After all, you can always improve. Look at Federer, who continues to do so despite his age…“At the end of the game Marek was happy, his team won, it mattered for them and in my opinion he didn’t expect such a result at the Olimpico. No-one else did.“I think their players will be at peak fitness in a couple of weeks, in time for their Champions League debut.“Taking him off on 70 minutes? It was hot and a fair decision. It happened to him on Sunday, but it could happen to someone else next time.”